“We have no doubt whatsoever that life and civilizations exist on a
multitude of celestial bodies”
The Extraterrestrial Civilizations & Interstellar Communications Conference was devoted to the problem of extraterrestrial civilizations. It is a first attempt to organize a comprehensive, all-sided discussion of the subject. Organized in May of 1964 and held at the Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory of the Armenian Academy of Sciences, the basis of this conference was that life on other planets DID exist. Their goal was to explore how we could begin interacting with these other life forms.
The 1964 Conference on Extraterrestrial Civilizations stemmed from discussions by Shklovskii’s group at the Sternberg State Astronomical Institute and was organized by Nikolai Kardashev. Held three years after the seminal Green Bank conference (1961), it was attended entirely by radio astronomers and had as its aim “to obtain rational technical and linguistic solutions for the problem of communication with extraterrestrial civilizations which are much more advanced than the Earth civilization.
This text contains the proceedings of the First All-Union Conference on Extraterrestrial Civilizations and Interstellar Communication. The basic premise of the conference was the multiplicity of inhabited worlds. The existence and the evolution of intelligent life in the Universe is of enormous scientific and philosophical importance. In the light of this assumption, the participants discussed the possibility of existence of alien civilizations at various levels of development and considered the means for establishing interstellar communications.
It was agreed that the best course would be to start simultaneous reception and transmission of radio signals. Artificiality criteria differentiating the multitude of natural radio signals received by radio-astronomic equipment from space from artificial radio signals sent by technically advanced alien civilizations were discussed in considerable detail. The problems of cosmic linguistics were also touched upon at the conference.
Translated from Russian. Published for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, U.S.A. and the National Science Foundation, Washington, D.C.
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