Enuma Elish: Babylonian Epic Of Creation

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Enuma Elish

The Babylonian Epic Of Creation
The Enuma Elish

 

Translated by L. W. King

The Enuma Elish is the Babylonian and Assyrian legends concerning the creation of the world and humankind.   It is one of the oldest stories known to mankind and predates the book of Genesis.  The seven tablets that contain this epic ancient narrative were recovered by Austen Henry Layard in 1849 (in fragmentary form) in the ruined Library of Ashurbanipal at Nineveh.  It has about a thousand lines of text and is recorded in Old Babylonian, each holding between 115 and 170 lines of Sumero-Akkadian cuneiform script.

The Enuma Elish tells of the creation of the world.  It details Marduk’s victory over the gigantic snake, Tiamat.  After his victory, how Marduk become named king of the gods.  This text provides insights into the pantheon of Sumerian/Babalonian gods, the Annunaki and  also describes the creation of humanity.  The worldview it shares contributes the belief that mankind was created to service the gods.

L. W. King was an English archaeologist and Assyriologist.  He is know for translating ancient works which includes the Enuma Elish and the Code of Hammurabi.

 

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